At the European level packaging is governed by Directive 94/62/EC of the European Parliament and the Council of 20th December 1994 on Packagings and Packaging Waste, last amended by Directive 2005/20/EC of the European Parliament and the Council of 9th March 2005. The directive is aimed at harmonizing the various measures on packagings and packaging waste adopted in the member countries. In this way the effects of this waste on the environment were to be avoided or reduced while on the other hand the function of the single market was to be guaranteed.
In Germany, this European directive was implemented by the law on the placing on the market, the withdrawal and
high-quality recycling of packaging (Packaging Act -
VerpackG) of July 5, 2017 (BGBl. I p. 2234), last amended by Article 139 of the Ordinance of June 19, 2020. The overall aim of the Packaging Act is to avert or reduce the effects of waste packaging on the environment. As a means of achieving this, the legislator gives recycling targets in the Packaging Act and adopts regulations on the organization of the collection of waste packaging material. The decisive regulation in the Packaging Ordinance for the compulsory deposit on one-way drinks packaging is section § 31 of VerpackG.
|Packaging Act (2020)|